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Few Minutes To Know 17 Contraception Methods

Almost every ways about contraception

It’s important to protect your sexual health, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. No matter your gender, as long as you use a few minutes to read the info, it will worth upgrading your knowledge and protect your sexual life.

1. Male condom

Recommended star: ☆☆☆☆☆

It’s the most common one contraceptive method we used, also the best one contraceptive method of my opinion. The principle of contraception is to trap sperm to prevent it from entering the vagina.

Contraception rate: 82% – 98%

Advantages: not only contraception, it can effectively avoid sexually transmitted infections; cheap and easy to carry.

Disadvantages: Some people may be allergic for the materials; incorrect use may cause break or fall off.

Note: It should be used throughout the process and should not be used only when ejaculation is felt.

Male condom

2. Female condom

Recommended star: ☆☆

Female condoms have the same principle as male condoms, they are worn in the female vagina. Similarly, it should be used throughout the process and it cannot be reused.

Contraception rate: 79% – 95%

Advantages: similar to male condoms.

Disadvantages: not as effective as a male condom, because it needs to be placed into the vagina, it needs practice to master the use method; it may also be damaged during use.

Note: It is impossible to use both male and female condom at the same time. It won’t increase the effectiveness of contraception, it may cause the condom to break during friction, also the comfort won’t be good.

Female condom

3. Conventional contraceptive pills

Recommended star: ☆☆☆☆

There have two conventional contraceptive pills:

(1)Combined oral contraceptive pill

It is suitable for most young women, it generally need to start from the first day of menstruation, take one tablet at the same time every day. After 21 consecutive days, stop for 7 days, and then start taking again.

It contains two artificial female hormones: oestrogen and progesterone. It will adjusting the content of these two hormones inside female’s body. It can prevent the ovaries from releasing eggs, and thicken the cervical mucus, then the sperm has difficulty crossing the uterus and meets the egg, also the fertilized egg is difficult to implant into the uterus and grow.

This contraceptive pill will not increase the risk of breast cancer and other gynaecological cancers, instead it can help to treat acne, reduce the risk of cervical cancer and endometrial cancer. The possible side effects aren’t as large as people think.

(2)Progestogen-only contraceptives pill

It contains only one hormone. The principle of contraception is the same as above, and the success rate is almost the same. It mainly for women who cannot or unsuitable for taking combined oral contraceptive pill, including women over 35 years old, heavy smokers, patients with hypertension or obesity.

This medicine needs to be taken at the same time every day. Compared with the combined oral contraceptive pill, this medicine has more side effects, it will stop menstruation, and the amount will become less or irregular.

Contraception rate: 91% – 99%

Advantages: high effectiveness; easy to use; doesn’t affect sexual experience.

Disadvantages: You must take the medicine on time every day, even if you don’t have sex life, you can’t interrupt to take it; it cannot prevent sexually transmitted diseases; there may be some side effects of drugs, such as breast pain, nausea, menstrual cycle changes, and mood swings.

Note: There are different types of contraceptives pill you can choose, if necessary, it is recommended to consult a doctor to choose the most suitable one for yourself.

Progestogen-only contraceptives pill

4. Emergency hormonal contraceptive pill

Recommended star: ☆

The emergency contraception way. It is a remedy after unprotected sex or normal contraceptive failure. Its hormone amount is larger than conventional contraceptives pill, it’s not recommended you always use. You should as soon as possible to take it within 72 hours.

Contraception rate > 58% (related to the time you taking medicine)

Advantages: It is a kind of “regret drug”, which gives people a chance that who have failed contraception or did unprotected sex to remedy.

Disadvantages: large amount of hormones; may cause side effects such as headache, nausea, vomiting, dysmenorrhea; repeated use may disrupt menstruation and affected body health; it cannot prevent sexually transmitted diseases.

Emergency hormonal contraceptive pill

5. Safe period

Recommended star: ☆☆

There are a few days in a woman’s menstrual cycle that are not easy to become pregnant, this is called safe period. The calculation of the safety period requires that the female physiological cycle is very regular, however, the ovulation of women is affected by the environment, emotions, and health conditions, it is difficult to ensure the accuracy of the calculation of the safety period. You can use some apps to calculate the safety period if you are needed.

Contraception rate: 76% – 95% (under the premise that women’s menstrual cycle is stable for 6-12 months)

Advantages: no cost???

Disadvantages: It is necessary to record the menstrual cycle, which is not suitable for people with “careless”; inaccurate menstrual cycle directly affects the effectiveness of contraception; you can have no contraception sex during the safe period only; it cannot prevent sexually transmitted diseases.

Calendar

6. Withdrawal/Pulling out method (coitus interruptus)

Recommended star: not recommended

Pulling out refers to the male’s extraction of the penis from the vagina before ejaculation, which requires strong self-control, experience and trust. However, not all sperm will be released during ejaculation, and some sperm will overflow in advance during intercourse, that means, even though the pulling out is completed very well, you may still be pregnant.

Contraception rate: about 78%

Advantages: no cost???

Disadvantages: extremely unreliable; sexual behaviour requires interruption; it cannot prevent sexually transmitted diseases.

7. Intra-uterine device (hormonal)

Recommended star: ☆☆☆☆

The soft T-shaped device with a storage tank containing progesterone, which can continuously release a small amount of progesterone after being placed in the uterus, thereby thickening the cervical mucus to prevent the sperm from moving freely. It can also make the endometrium thinner.

Contraception rate: 99%

Advantages: valid for 3 to 5 years; can be taken out at any time, fertility can be quickly restored after taking out; high contraception efficiency; improve dysmenorrhea, menorrhagia and anaemia.

Disadvantages: Within the first 6 months, side effects such as headache, vaginal bleeding, breast tenderness, and uterine colic may occur; medical staff are required to evaluate and operate, and there is a very low risk of infection; it cannot prevent sexually transmitted diseases.

8. Intra-uterine device (copper)

Recommended star: ☆☆☆

It is a small T-shaped device containing copper wire or copper columns. After being placed into the uterus, it releases copper ions to affect sperm activity. It has embryo toxicity, can affects embryo implantation.

Contraception rate: 99%

Advantages: valid for 5 to 10 years; it can be taken out at any time, and you can be pregnant after 3 months; high contraception efficiency.

Disadvantages: in the first 6 months, there may be side effects such as increased menstrual flow, spotting bleeding, waist and abdomen pain, and increased leucorrhea; it cannot prevent sexually transmitted diseases.

Intra-uterine device (copper)

9. Contraceptive patch

Recommended star: ☆☆☆

Stick on the skin of the abdomen, buttocks, outside of the arms or shoulders, it is forbidden to stick on the chest. Use once on the first day of menstruation or on the first Sunday after menstruation, and then change it once on the same day every week. It must be used continuously for three weeks. After three weeks there have a free-week you don’t need to use the patch. Waterproof, bathing and swimming can be used normally.

Contraception rate: 91% – 99%

Advantages: convenient; it doesn’t affect sexual experience

Disadvantages: the patch may loosen and fall off, may cause allergic skin reaction at the pasted site, side effects are similar to oral contraceptives; it cannot prevent sexually transmitted diseases.

Contraceptive patch

10. Contraceptive vaginal ring

Recommended star: ☆☆☆

It can be taken out at any time during use. After every three weeks of use, it needs to be removed for seven days without use, otherwise there will be no menstruation.

Contraception rate: 91% – 99%

Advantages: easy to put in and take out, no need to change every day

Disadvantages: side effects include vaginal discharge and pain during urination; your partner may feel its presence during sex; it cannot prevent sexually transmitted diseases.

Contraceptive vaginal ring

11. Contraceptive implant

Recommended star: ☆☆☆☆

Size like match stick, implanted by nurse or doctor, valid for  3 to 5 years.

Contraception rate: 99%

Advantages: high contraception efficiency; improve dysmenorrhea and menorrhagia; it doesn’t affect sexual experience.

Disadvantages: need nurse or doctor to operate; side effects are similar to oral contraceptives; it cannot prevent sexually transmitted diseases.

Contraceptive implant

12. Contraceptive injectable

Recommended star: ☆

Size like match stick, implanted by nurse or doctor, valid for  3 to 5 years.

Contraception rate: 94% – 99%

Advantages: no need to pay attention every day; improve dysmenorrhea and menorrhagia; it doesn’t affect sexual experience.

Disadvantages: two consecutive years of injection may reduce bone density; side effects are similar to oral contraceptives; it cannot prevent sexually transmitted diseases.

Medical injection

13. Contraceptive diaphragm

Recommended star: ☆☆

It can be used in conjunction with spermicide, placed in front of the cervix during sex, and can only be taken out after sex for at least six hours. It cannot be placed for more than 24 hours.

Contraception rate: 88% – 94%

Advantages: easy to carry out; no hormonal.

Disadvantages: it can affect sexual experience; need to master how to use; not suitable for women who have given birth; risk of infection if use time over; it cannot prevent sexually transmitted diseases.

Contraceptive diaphragm

14. Cervical cap

Recommended star: ☆☆

It can cover the cervix and prevent sperm from entering the uterus from the outer uterine mouth. Starting from the last vaginal ejaculation, the cervical cap needs to be inserted into the vagina for 6 to 8 hours to be effective. It is recommended that the cervical cap be removed within 48 hours.

Contraception rate: 84% – 91%

Advantages: easy to carry out; no hormonal.

Disadvantages: it can affect sexual experience; need to master how to use; not suitable for women who have given birth; risk of infection if use time over; it cannot prevent sexually transmitted diseases.

Cervical cap

15. Contraceptive sponge

Recommended star: ☆☆

It is inserted into the vagina before sex and covers the cervix to prevent sperm from entering the uterus; the contraceptive sponge contains a spermicide to prevent sperm movement. It can be placed in the body 24 hours before sexual intercourse, then should be placed in the body for more than six hours after sexual intercourse, and the time in the body should not exceed 30 hours.

Contraception rate: 76% – 80%

Advantages: easy to carry out; no hormonal.

Disadvantages: it can affect sexual experience; need to master how to use; not suitable for women who have given birth; risk of infection if use time over; it cannot prevent sexually transmitted diseases.

Contraceptive sponge

16. Spermicide

Recommended star: ☆☆

Spermicide can create an environment where sperm is difficult to move freely. It can be used alone, but the failure rate of contraception using only spermicides is higher than other contraceptive methods. In general, spermicides are used in conjunction with other barrier-type contraceptive devices, such as contraceptive diaphragms, condoms, cervical caps and contraceptive sponges.

Contraception rate: 72% – 94%

Advantages: provide lubrication function; no hormonal.

Disadvantages: may cause irritation and allergies; it cannot prevent sexually transmitted diseases.

17. Sterilization

Sterilization is a permanent method of contraception. Females cut or block the fallopian tubes, and males cut the vas deferens. Sterilization surgery only affects the fertility, it does not affect sexual desire and sexual behavior.

Among all contraceptive methods, sterilization is the most carefully one you should consider. Before deciding on sterilization, you should consult doctor and seek advice to ensure that you will not regret.

In conclusion, how to choose the appropriate contraceptive method, if you are in doubt, it is better to consult a doctor. We only give a brief here. If you are interested in one of them, you should search for more information to determine whether this is suitable for you.

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